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2017 waec geography expo

By | On April 5, 2017 (6 months ago)
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1a)

The tuition algebraic four major oceans are

the Pacific, Atlantic, Arctic and Indian.

1c

-EXPORT SUBSIDIES AND DUMPING

-QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS AND

QUOTAS

-TRADE AGREEMENTS

-STATE TRADING

=====================

2a)

Settlements in geography are human

settlements ranging from a small

village

with a population in the hundreds to

large cities with a population in the

tens of millions.

2b)

i)Stable Rural Settlements:

Any settlement in which most of the

people are engaged in agriculture,

forestry, mining and fishery is known

as a rural settlement.

ii)Site of Settlements:

The site, growth and development of

human settlements are closely

influenced by the available soil, water,

forest and mineral resources.

iii)Economic:

The religious, military, and political

leaders and the dependents needed

food which was supplied by the tribe

through hunting or gathering.

iv)Cultural:

The settlement may also have served

as a place to house women and

children, permitting the men to

wander further in their search for

food.

2c)

i)Rural areas provide urban areas

with food

ii)Rural areas provide urban areas

with unskilled labour

iii)urban area provide rural areas

with manufactured goods

iv)urban area provide rural areas

with higher education

v)Rural areas provide urban areas

with raw materials

 

3B)

Factors Influencing Industrial Location

1. Availability of raw materials: In

determining

the location of an industry, nearness

to sources

of raw material is of vital importance.

2. Availability of Labour: Adequate

supply of

cheap and skilled labour is necessary

for and

industry. The attraction of an industry

towards

labour centres depends on the ratio of

labour cost

to the total cost of production which

Weber calls

‘Labour cost of Index’.

3. Proximity to Markets: Access to

markets is an

important factor which the

entrepreneur must

take into consideration. Industries

producing

perishable or bulky commodities

which cannot be

transported over long distance are

generally

located in close proximity to markets.

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Industries

located near the markets could be able

to reduce

the costs of transport in distributing

the finished

product as in the case of bread and

bakery, ice,

tins, cans manufacturing, etc.

Accessibility of

markets is more important in the case

of

industries manufacturing consumer

goods rather

than producer goods.

4. Transport Facilities: Transport

facilities,

generally, influence the location of

industry. The

transportation with its three modes,

i.e., water,

road, and rail collectively plays an

important role.

So the junction points of water-ways,

roadways

and railways become humming centres

of

industrial activity. Further, the modes

and rates of

transport and transport policy of

Government

considerably affect the location of

industrial units.

The heavy concentration of cotton

textile industry

in Bombay has been due to the cheap

and

excellent transportation network both

in regard to

raw materials and markets.

5. Power: Another factor influencing

the location

of an industry is the availability of

cheap power.

Water, wind, coal, gas, oil and

electricity are the

chief sources of power. Both water and

wind

power were widely sought at sources

of power

supply before the invention of steam

engine.

During the nineteenth century,

nearness to coal-

fields became the principal locating

influence on

the setting up of new industries,

particularly, for

heavy industries. With the

introduction of other

sources of power like electricity, gas,

oil, etc. the

power factor became more flexible

leading to

dispersal and decentralization of

industries.

==================

Q8 b

1: Poor road network in Africa

2: Poor equipment of tools

3: Political issues among member in

Africa

 

 

Posted by:kvng_khalifah { malo }

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